Consular Information Embassy Bilateral cooperation
The question of acquiring polish citizenship is regulated by the Statue on Polish Citizenship of April 2, 2009 which came into force on August 15, 2012.
Before the following regulation were applicable with regard to polish citizenship:
- Statue on Polish Citizenship of January 20, 1920;
- Statue on Polish Citizenship of January 8, 1951;
- Statue on Polish Citizenship of February 15, 1962.
WAYS OF ACQUIRING POLISH CITIZENSHIP
Acquisition and loss of Polish citizenship is regulated by the Law on Polish Citizenship of April 2nd, 2009.
- By birth to a Polish citizen.
A child acquires Polish citizenship if at least one parent is a Polish citizen, irrespective of place of birth (art. 14 pkt 1 of the said Law) - the ius sanguinis rule.
- By birth/being found on Polish soil.
If a child is born or found on Polish soil and both parents are unknown or their citizenship is unknown, or they have no citizenship (art. 14 pkt 2 and art. 15 of the said Law), a child acquires by law Polish citizenship - the ius soli rule.
- By adoption.
A minor foreigner adopted by a Polish citizen (by Polish citizens) acquires Polish citizenship if the full adoption had been completed before the child turned 16 years. Thus, the child is considered as possessing Polish citizenship from the moment of his\her birth.
- By granting Polish citizenship.
Polish citizenship can be granted by the President of the Republic of Poland.
- By restoring Polish citizenship.
Polish citizenship can be restored by the Minister of Interior.
- By naturalization.
A foreigner living in Poland can receive Polish citizenship by naturalization. The decision is issued by a proper Provincial Governor (wojewoda). Consul does not accept petitions for naturalization.